• PSC, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751024
  • 079781 21525
  • pragnyaspeechcenter@gmail.com


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Typical Milestones in Speech and Language Development

While kids develop differently, and environmental factors will play a big part of speech development in children, you may want to consider consulting with a speech pathologist for children if your kid does not follow a typical language development timeline:

Newborn – 1 Year

0-3 Months

Infants will startle in response to loud sounds and calm when they hear a familiar voice. They have different cries for different needs. Within the first three months of life, infants begin to make cooing sounds and smile.

4-6 Months

Babies begin to look in the direction of sounds they hear and can respond to changes in your tone of voice. They start to giggle and will babble different consonant sounds like “pa” or “da”.

7 – 12 Months

Babies will turn their heads toward sounds and start responding to their name. They will follow a point and start to understand familiar words (milk, dad, car). They will engage in social games like “peek a boo”. Babies this age will begin to string sounds to together (“babababa”) and will use gestures and sounds to get your attention. Around age one, they will start to use single words like “hi” and “Mama”. Sounds may not be clear yet.

If you notice that your baby is not meeting some of these communication and speech development milestones, you may want to book a speech therapy session to discuss your concerns.

1 – 2 Years

Between 12-18 months, children begin to use more single words and look toward you when they are talking. They start to point to body parts and familiar pictures of items in books. Around 18-24 months, children start combining 2 words together (“more milk”), ask simple questions (“what’s that?”), and follow simple directions (“roll the ball”).

If you have concerns about your child’s speech development or language skills, do not hesitate to reach out to a Speech Pathologist for support. It is never too early to begin speech therapy – if you suspect a speech delay, early intervention is key!

2 – 4 Years

By age 3, most children are using 2–3-word phrases and have more words in their vocabulary than we can count. They start to understand and use location words like “on” and “in”, and can follow simple 2 step directions like “get the cow and put him in the barn”. Around this age they can tell a short story about their day.

By age 4, strangers are typically able to understand most of what a child says (although some speech sound errors are still age appropriate at this time). At this age, children can ask and answer a variety of simple questions, can participate in conversations, and use adult-like grammar.

If you have concerns about a speech delay, speech disorder, or notice that your child is not meeting language milestones, a speech therapist can help identify areas to best support their communication skills during a speech therapy session!

How Can I Help you?

The Constitution of India includes persons with disabilities generically within the universal categories of person and citizen; it does not even mention disability in the prohibited grounds. Consequently, in accordance with The Constitution of India, and Rights of Persons with Disability Act 2016, there are several government schemes and programmes that can be availed by a person with disability in India. Mentioned below are the schemes and programmes that are relevant to people with autism and their families.

FAQ (frequently asked questions)

Q- Toll-free Mental Health Rehabilitation Helpline Kiran (1800-599-0019)

A- Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment has launched the 24×7 Toll-Free Mental Health Rehabilitation Helpline “KIRAN” (1800-500-0019) to provide relief and support to persons with Mental Illness. DEPwD, M/o Social Justice & Empowerment

Q- What is Manodarpan Initiative?

A-Manodarpan is an initiative of the Ministry of Education to provide psychosocial support to students for their Mental Health and Well-being.

Q- Would a special diet improve the speech abilities of the child?

A- Feeding a child especially in the first two years of life on a balanced and nutritious diet which includes proteins, carbohydrates, fats, mineral salts, vitamins etc. is essential and can influence the mental as well as physical growth of the child.

Q- What are Speech Sound Disorders?

A- Most children naturally learn to say sounds correctly by hearing other people say them.  There are certain sounds that are typically acquired earlier and others that come a little later.  For example, it’s perfectly normal for a small child to say “tat” for “cat” and “wing” for “ring”.  But as the child grows up, they should learn to say those sounds correctly.

For some children, learning to say speech sounds correctly is not that easy. These children may have difficulty pronouncing just a few sounds or they may have trouble pronouncing many sounds.  These children are considered to have a speech sound disorder.

Q- How to help a child learn to say a new sound in conversation?

A- Once you teach the child how to say a speech sound correctly in single words and sentences, you will want to help the child generalize that skill so he begins to say it correctly in conversational speech as well.

Q- How we can help with Online Speech Therapy?

A- We can help you or your child to become a more powerful communicator through our live and highly individualized speech therapy services. We offer the perfect mixture of innovation and traditional expectations — standards that have been effective time and time again with language disorders.

Q- What should I do if I suspect my child has a hearing loss?

A- It is important to be aware of the signs of hearing loss in children, so that early intervention can be provided if necessary. Standing behind your child while they are distracted and making noise is a good way to see if they are responding to sounds. If they do not respond, or if they only respond to loud sounds, it is important to see an audiologist for a hearing evaluation.

Audiologists are trained professionals who can assess a child’s hearing and identify any problems. They can also recommend treatment options, such as hearing aids or cochlear implants, if necessary. If you are concerned that your child may have hearing loss, it is important to talk to your paediatrician or family doctor. They can refer you to an audiologist for further evaluation.

Q- Do you provide speech therapy for adults?

A- Yes, we provide online speech therapy for adults with speech, language, and voice disorders. You can read more about it here.

Q- How can one benefit from Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA)?

A- ABA is defined as the process of applying behavioural principles to change specific behaviours and simultaneously evaluating the effectiveness of the intervention. ABA focuses on modification of physical environment and antecedent situations, which result in and maintain abnormal behaviour.